The most common cars in the world are gasoline models, but they are also the most inefficient in terms of fuel consumption. At the same time, car manufacturers producecars that run on other types of fuel, with lower consumption and greater environmental friendliness.
When choosing a car, the question of fuel consumption has recently become more and more relevant, since energy resources are constantly growing in price, and many are looking for an option on how to save money.
It is important to understand that when choosing a particular type of engine, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors that will reduce costs. Therefore, all cars can be divided into groups depending on where and how the car will be used.
If the car owner needs to constantly travel to the metropolis from the suburbs, then it makes sense to choose a car with a diesel or hybrid engine. You can buy a Toyota Prius, whose consumption is 4.7 l/100 km, or a Chevrolet Cruse – 5 l/100 km, and if you buy a VW Jetta turbodiesel, you can get a consumption of 4.6-4.8 liters, and the power of such an engine enough for a comfortable ride.
In settlements where there are no kilometer-long traffic jams and high traffic density, you can confidently use cars with hybrid engines. In low gears in such an engine, it is possible to reduce fuel consumption, since the driver simply decides to decide on a car with an electric motor, and if it is necessary to increase the speed, the internal combustion engine is turned on.
Thanks to the torque, which is instantly activated, the electric motor can move in traffic without jerking. For such a driving mode, the Toyota Prius C, which “consumes” 5l/100 km, or the Honda Insight, which consumes about 6 liters, is suitable. For a trip outside the city, such cars are not particularly suitable due to the low engine power, but they are economical and the driver does not depend on the availability of charging stations.
Big city trips
In any metropolis, there is a dense flow of traffic and traffic jams, which is why fuel consumption increases significantly, and even on a small car, therefore, electric cars are increasingly being bought. Despite the fact that they need to be recharged regularly and they do not have a very large range, they are compact (there will always be a parking space) and economical.
A Honda Fit EV, Nissan Leaf or Ford Focus Electric are rated for 120-150 km on a single charge, which is enough for city commutes throughout the day. If you want something more compact, then you should buy a Fiat 500e or Smart Electric Drive, with a range of 150-170 km.
Urban driving and occasional trips out of town
If the main driving mode is a city, but you have to travel outside of it regularly, then the power of an electric car will not be enough. Therefore, it makes sense to opt for plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) – cars in which a hybrid type engine is installed.
Ford C-Max Energi and Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid are high-speed cars, the range will pleasantly surprise you. If you need an increased power reserve, then you should choose a BMW i3 or Chevrolet Volt, which are capable of driving 90-140 km on a battery charge.
If you are planning long trips, then you should leave your choice on crossovers equipped with a diesel engine new generation, for example, AUDI Q7 or BMW X5. Such cars on turbodiesels are quite economical – in the driving mode outside the city, the consumption is 5.5 l/100 km.
Do not forget crossovers that use hybrid gasoline and electric motors, as they have excellent power and cross-country ability, and their consumption will be about 9 l/100 km (if you focus on the popular Toyota Highlander model).